Common diseases & risk factors

Blood lipid values at Avi Medical

Blood fats such as cholesterol and triglycerides support the body in many vital processes. But: Permanently elevated blood fat levels can have numerous health consequences. These include the development of serious vascular diseases such as atherosclerosis and even heart attacks. Early diagnosis and targeted treatment of this so-called hyperlipidaemia is therefore essential. Our doctors at Avi Medical will accompany you at all our locations.

What are blood lipids?

Blood lipids are defined by physicians as a wide variety of lipids found in the blood. These fats include, for example: 

  • LDL- HDL- and total cholesterol
  • Triglycerides
  • VLDL (short for Very Low Density Lipoproteins)

At what point are elevated blood lipid levels?

Your total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol values are the most informative for the diagnosis of hyperlipidaemia. The following applies here: The lipometabolic disorder is present in healthy people from a total cholesterol value of more than 190mg/dL. Alternatively, or in addition to this, the LDL cholesterol value is more than 115mg/dL .

But an HDL cholesterol value of more than 40mg/dL (for men) and 45mg/dL(for women) or a triglycerol value of more than 150mg/dL also signal increased blood lipid levels .

Good to know: Blood lipid levels are generally never considered and treated separately, but always in conjunction with other individual risk factors for cardiovascular diseases.

What are the triggers of elevated blood lipid levels?

Possible triggers of hyperlipidaemia include:

  • Genetic predisposition (such as familial hyperlipidaemia)
  • Malnutrition (alcohol, too many trans fats and saturated fatty acid from highly processed foods)
  • Lack of exercise
  • Pre-existing conditions, such as hypothyroidism, kidney damage and diabetes mellitus type 2
  • a pregnancy
  • certain medicines such as hormone preparations and AIDS medicines

What are the symptoms of elevated blood lipid levels?

Elevated blood lipid levels are usually asymptomatic for a long time and are often only discovered through accompanying and secondary symptoms. These include: 

  • Artherosclerotic events (heart attack, stroke)
  • Lipid deposits in the skin (yellow spots or nodules)
  • Fatty liver

Treatment of elevated blood lipid levels at Avi Medical

The successful treatment of hyperlipidaemia begins with early diagnosis. At Avi Medical, this includes a holistic screening consisting of the following components:

  • Taking an anamnesis (also family anamnesis)
  • Laboratory test (total cholesterol)
  • If the result is abnormal, the LDL, HDL and triglycerol ("blood fat") values are also determined. 

In the subsequent therapy, the following measures follow, depending on the severity of the hyperlipidaemia: 

  • Lifestyle changes (healthy diet and sufficient exercise)
  • Supportive: medication (e.g. statins alone or in combination with other lipid-lowering drugs) 

In the final step, our experienced doctors at Avi Medical ensure your continued health with comprehensive aftercare. This includes: 

  • regular laboratory controls
  • In patients at high risk: additional examinations such as an ultrasound of the liver.