Common diseases & risk factors

How Avi Medical helps you with cardiac arrhythmias

Over 15 million people in this country suffer from cardiac arrhythmias from time to time. These "clock errors" of the organ are usually asymptomatic and rarely cause any symptoms. However, they can be signs of serious diseases or precede them. Timely diagnosis and treatment of this abnormality is therefore essential for your health.  

Our doctors at Avi Medical are on hand to help you with all your medical needs in the fight against cardiac arrhythmias at all our locations.

What are cardiac arrhythmias?

Cardiac arrhythmia is an abnormality of the organ in which it beats either too fast, too slow or irregularly (for example, three fast beats followed by a beat "pause"). Also known as cardiac stuttering). 

Abnormalities of speed are divided into tachycardic (frequency too high) and bradycardic (frequency too low). The clinical picture also distinguishes between two possible sites of origin of the abnormalities. There are supraventricular disorders, which begin in a structure above the ventricles, and ventricular disorders, which develop in the ventricle.

At what point are they cardiac arrhythmias?

Cardiac arrhythmias are always diagnosed by an ECG. Bradycardia is present as soon as the organ beats less than sixty times per minute. This form of abnormality is divided into the following subgenera

  • Sinus bradycardia (frequency regular but too slow)
  • Bradycardic atrial fibrillation (irregular contraction of the atria)
  • Disturbance in the electrical conduction of the heart (this affects the sinus node, i.e. the "clock generator" of the organ, whose impulse is not properly transmitted to the heart chambers and muscle).

Tachycardia is again diagnosed at a rate of one hundred beats per minute and is further divided into the following sub-genres:

  • Sinus tachycardia
  • Extrasystoles (occasional extra beats in an otherwise regular but fast rhythm).
  • Seizure-like tachycardia (sudden rapid heartbeats, usually lasting only a few minutes)
  • Ventricular fibrillation and flutter (irregular contractions of the heart chambers)

What are the triggers of cardiac arrhythmias?

The triggers of cardiac arrhythmias are varied, as the condition can originate from the heart as well as from another structure. Possible triggers for cardiac arrhythmias originating from the heart include:

  • Atherosclerosis in the coronary vessels
  • Heart failure
  • Heart muscle inflammation
  • Congenital heart defects

Possible triggers for arrhythmias that originate from a different structure are: 

  • Disturbances in the electrolyte balance
  • Psychological factors
  • Thyroid dysfunction
  • Poisoning (alcohol, drugs, but also medicines)
  • Lung diseases
  • Electric shocks
  • Vascular diseases

What are possible symptoms of cardiac arrhythmias?

Cardiac arrhythmias are usually asymptomatic. However, possible accompanying and secondary symptoms include:

  • A feeling of "fluttering heart" or "racing".
  • Shortness of breath
  • Dizziness and "black-vision" up to loss of consciousness
  • Tightness and twinge in the chest
  • Memory disorders
  • Stroke

Treatment of cardiac arrhythmias at Avi Medical

The successful treatment of cardiac arrhythmias consists of a combination of diagnostics and therapy. Our experienced doctors will guide you through this process.  

Diagnostic measures include: 

  • Preparation of anamnesis
  • Preparation of resting, long-term and stress ECGs 
  • Sonography 

Diagnostic measures carried out in the hospital and by the specialist include:

  • X-ray thorax
  • Electrophysiological examinations (interventional ECG via cardiac catheter)

Therapeutic interventions offered by Avi Medical again include: 

  • Medicinal adjustment of the electrolyte balance and thyroid hormones
  • Drug therapy using special preparations against cardiac arrhythmias (so-called antiarrhythmics)

Additional therapeutic measures taken in the hospital and by the specialist are:

  • Surgical methods (such as sclerotherapy of additional pathways or implantation of a pacemaker)