Hyperthyroidism, which is much rarer than hypothyroidism, typically affects women over 35 and is, in principle, one of the most treatable organ diseases. However, the abnormality requires special behaviour, which those affected should be aware of. Fortunately, we at Avi Medical are at your side for all medical measures in the fight against hyperthyroidism at all our locations.
Hyperthyroidism is an abnormality of the thyroid gland in which the organ below the larynx produces too many of its own hormones (especially T3, T4 and calcitonin).
This hormone trio fulfils a variety of tasks in healthy people. For example, it increases heart rate and cardiac output, lowers calcium levels and also increases oxygen consumption and body temperature, which speeds up metabolism.
So-called manifest hyperthyroidism is diagnosed by an imbalance of three hormones. Specifically: a low TSH value and increased amounts of the thyroid hormones T3 and T4.
The TSH produced in the brain is considered a so-called "stimulation hormone" that reaches the thyroid gland via the bloodstream and stimulates it to release T3 and T4.
However, if the organ produces too many of these two hormones, the body reduces the release of TSH in order to lower T3 and T4.
This balancing endogenous process occasionally actually leads to the normalisation of T3 and T4 - but does not change the low TSH value. In this case, manifest hyperthyroidism becomes latent hyperthyroidism.
Hyperthyroidism is often a symptom of another underlying disease. Typical triggers include:
More rarely, hyperthyroidism is also caused by medication. For example, by:
Thyroid hormones act in a wide range of organs, which is why the symptoms of hyperthyroidism are varied. Among the most important are:
For our experienced doctors, the first step in treating your hyperthyroidism is to determine your TSH, T3 and T4 levels.
If these correspond to hyperthyroidism, the second step is to determine its exact cause (for example, the presence of a disease such as Graves' disease) and to perform a thyroid ultrasound to confirm it.
This is followed by drug therapy for the hyperfunction. Possible preparations are:
In the event that hyperthyroidism persists, referral to radiologists or endocrinologists follows, who offer two types of treatment options. These are:
For us at Avi Medical, a holistic treatment of your hyperthyroidism also includes regular check-ups and education .
In this way, you avoid further complications such as the development of a thyrotoxic crisis, which occurs in hyperthyroidism that has not been treated or has been treated in adequately. This complements the symptoms of hyperthyroidism with disorientation, fever, somnolence and even coma and renal insufficiency.