Common diseases & risk factors

How Avi Medical helps you with hypothyroidism

Whether it's weight gain, fatigue or menstrual irregularities: An underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism), like hyperthyroidism, can cause numerous complaints. Fortunately, this condition is easily treatable - with the preparation L-thyroxine, which substitutes the body's own missing hormones . Our experienced doctors are at your side with this and other medical measures in the fight against hypothyroidism at all our locations. 

What is hypothyroidism?

A functioning thyroid gland is based on three instances. The first is the "release hormone" TRH, which is produced in the hypothalamus. This activates another part of the brain, the pituitary gland, which then releases the "stimulating hormone" TSH. Once in the bloodstream, TSH finally reaches the thyroid gland and stimulates it to release the hormones T3 and T4. 

In the case of hypothyroidism, however, the organ produces too few of these two hormones. This is a pathological deficiency that particularly affects women over the age of 50.

At what point is it hypothyroidism?

Hypothyroidism can be diagnosed in three different ways. These are: 

  • Primary hypothyroidism, in which the organ produces too few of its own hormones. This becomes noticeable in a laboratory examination through reduced T3 and T4 values with simultaneously increased TRH and TSH values.
  • secondary hypothyroidism, in which the pituitary gland is disturbed. This part of the brain normally releases the stimulating hormone TSH. In this form, neither T3, T4 nor TSH can be detected in the blood. 
  • tertiary hypothyroidism, in which the hypothalamus, which usually produces the release hormone TRH, is disturbed. As a result, TSH as well as T3 and T4 levels are decreased.

What are the triggers of hypothyroidism?

The most common triggers of hypothyroidism include: 

  • Autoimmune diseases such as Hashimoto's thyroiditis as a result of which the body's own antibodies destroy thyroid tissue.
  • Operations on the thyroid gland 
  • different medicines
  • severe iodine deficiency

What are the possible symptoms of hypothyroidism?

The typical symptoms of hypothyroidism include: 

  • Listlessness
  • Weight gain
  • Shiver 
  • Constipation
  • Brittle hair and hair loss 
  • reduced sweat production 
  • slowed heartbeat 
  • reduced reflexes 
  • especially in women: Cycle disturbances up to the absence of the period

Treatment of hypothyroidism at Avi Medical

At Avi Medical, hypothyroidism is successfully treated with L-thyroxine. Taken for the rest of the patient's life, it efficiently replaces the missing thyroid hormones. Regular blood checks, initially every six months and later once a year, guarantee the optimal long-term dosage of this proven therapy.