Common diseases & risk factors

How Avi Medical helps you

As a diabetic, quick access to medical advice and appropriate medication is essential. Our competent doctors in our Avi Medical practices will clarify with you during your first consultation which symptoms are bothering you and will find the appropriate therapy for you.

What is diabetes mellitus type 1?

Diabetes mellitus type 1, like diabetes mellitus type 2, causes hyperglycaemia in the blood. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that often develops in childhood and adolescence. Those affected produce no or insufficient insulin.

About 10% of people with diabetes have type 1 diabetes, whereas LADA diabetes (latent autoimmune diabetes in adults) affects adults after the age of 30. Unlike type 2 diabetes mellitus, type 1 (and LADA diabetes) involves the formation of antibodies against insulin-producing cells of the pancreas. The cells slowly die and are therefore no longer able to produce sufficient insulin or any insulin at all. We then speak of an absolute insulin deficiency. This is a problem because your body needs insulin as a "key" to let sugar into its cells. This is why type 1 diabetes must ultimately be treated permanently with insulin.

What are possible symptoms? What are the consequences?

Symptoms such as rapid and noticeable weight loss, increased urination, pronounced thirst or abdominal pain raise suspicion of this disease. If you experience these symptoms, it is advisable to make an appointment with your doctor as soon as possible for further clarification. Because this form of diabetes can quickly lead to a life-threatening situation.
The consequences of non-treatment are a metabolic derailment (ketoacidosis), which can be fatal. Blood vessels, organs and nerves can also be damaged.

Treatment of type 1 diabetes at Avi Medical

With a simple blood test, it can be clarified whether the corresponding symptoms are actually due to diabetes mellitus. In order to avoid long-term consequences of chronically high blood sugar levels, it is necessary to ensure good blood sugar control by means of an insulin therapy that is individually tailored to you. An additional connection to a diabetology practice is recommended. We will be happy to help you find a suitable practice and are always in close contact with them about your therapy.
In intensified insulin therapy (ICT), patients inject long-acting insulin once or twice a day. In addition to meals, an extra dose of rapid-acting insulin is administered.
Affected people must regularly check their blood sugar and estimate the carbohydrate content of the meal in order to calculate the sufficient amount of insulin. Training, which is done after diagnosis, teaches the necessary basics.