Common diseases & risk factors

How Avi Medical helps you with type 2 diabetes

As a diabetic, quick access to medical advice and appropriate medication is essential. Our competent doctors in our Avi Medical practices will clarify with you during your first consultation which symptoms are bothering you and find the appropriate therapy for you.
Unlike with type 1 diabetes, with type 2 diabetes your GP is your primary contact. Throughout your diabetes treatment, our doctors are your constant companions and always there for you.

What is diabetes mellitus type 2?

Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disease that leads to persistently elevated blood sugar levels. The sugar supplied through food cannot be absorbed into the body's cells, which causes the sugar level in the blood to rise. If this level is permanently elevated, vessels and organs can suffer serious damage.

This disease is not that rare! Almost eight million people in Germany are affected by it.

What are the possible symptoms and consequences of type 2 diabetes?

With diabetes, those affected often suffer from:

  • strong urge to urinate
  • constant thirst
  • Fatigue
  • Dry skin
  • frequent infections
  • Visual deterioration
  • Potency disorder

Unfortunately, the disease can also remain undetected for many years. This is a problem, because in the long term, diabetes can cause long-term damage to health through damage to the small and large arteries and nerves. Heart attacks, heart failure, strokes and even kidney damage can be the consequences. It is therefore important to recognise the disease at an early stage and also to treat it in order to avoid long-term consequences, especially to the heart, blood vessels and kidneys.

Treatment of type 2 diabetes at Avi Medical

A simple blood test can be used to determine whether the corresponding symptoms are actually due to diabetes mellitus. Depending on the type of disease, there are various treatment options.

In type 2 diabetes, it is important to set therapy goals individually. At the beginning of the disease, it is possible to achieve a lot by adjusting lifestyle habits (diet, exercise, abstaining from smoking). If blood glucose levels remain high despite improved lifestyle, medication is used depending on age, concomitant diseases and needs.

What do I have to watch out for with type 2 diabetes?

Always pay attention to the following points:

  • A whole-food, high-fiber diet should consist of vegetables, whole grains, legumes, salads, good high-quality vegetable fats and some fruit. Carbohydrates with a low glycemic index are preferable. 30 grams of dietary fiber daily is optimal. 
  • Consume little animal fat, reduce your meat intake and choose fish more often. 
  • Fruits, such as grapes, banana, or mango cause blood sugar to rise significantly. Prefer berry fruits here. Combine fruit with yogurt or cottage cheese to reduce the rise in blood sugar. You should enjoy fruit in reduced quantities. 
  • Take breaks between meals. 
  • Drink enough fluids. Avoid juices and drink little alcohol. 
  • Avoid being overweight. Exercise regularly. Run away from diabetes. 
  • Stop smoking. 
  • Attend training for people with type 2 diabetes mellitus. 
  • Always carry your meter with you during insulin therapy. If your blood glucose level drops rapidly, you can counteract this with glucose or a meal. You should check your blood glucose level before every trip by car. Never drive a motor vehicle with low blood sugar!
  • Check your blood pressure regularly. This should be in a range of 130/80 mmHg. 
  • If you have any worries or fears, always talk to the medical team, they can also help you.
  • Enroll in a disease management program (DMP) with your doctor. Quarterly check-ups are thus firmly scheduled.


You can prevent type 2 diabetes! Plenty of exercise and a balanced, healthy diet are the basis. In addition, you should avoid permanent, negative stress, as this increases the blood sugar level and keeps it constantly high.